Views is a powerful Drupal module that allows you to display website content e.g. a list of latest news for the home page. CiviCRM integrates with Drupal Views and allows CiviCRM data to be shown on your website. For instance, if you wanted to create a page called 'Partner Organizations' and display it publicly you could:
- Select criteria for what Contact data will be displayed such as:
- Organization contacts only
- That are tagged 'Partner' in CiviCRM
- That have a membership of status 'New' or 'Current'
- Choose which data will be shown such as:
- Organization name
- Phone number
- Choose to show the data in either table or paragraph format
- Allow the public to filter the results themselves by State/Province
This is just a simple example, the possibilities of Drupal Views and CiviCRM are far reaching.
These instructions assume CiviCRM and Drupal are on separate databases located on the same physical host. If your CiviCRM and Drupal are located within the same database the 12 steps below are not required.
- Before making any changes, it is strongly advised that you make backups of your mysql databases and settings.php file.
- If you have different database users for your CiviCRM and Drupal databases, then you need to grant
SELECTaccess for the Drupal user to all the CiviCRM tables.
- Make sure you are logged into your Drupal site as the administrator.
You should see a page with output that begins with:
Copy this setting output, including the trailing
Open the file
/sites/default/settings.phpfor editing from the root directory of the site, typically
public_htmlon most servers.
This assumes you have a single site installation. The location of the settings file might be different depending on whether or not you have multiple sites
Go to the bottom of the file and paste in your previously-copied settings output here. If the settings.php file already includes an earlier version of the output please remove the earlier version before pasting the new output.
You may need to indicate the default prefix. If you see an error like the one below:
PDOException: SQLSTATE[42S02]: Base table or view not found: 1146 Table 'kckruppc_every.semaphore' doesn't exist: SELECT ...
You need to include an additional line,
'default' => '<drupaltableprefix>', in your
$database ['default']['default']['prefix']= array(. You can find more information on this error in this forum post.
Save the file settings.php. You might want to clear your site cache at this point.
- You should now be able to create Drupal Views based on CiviCRM data.
!!! note If you add a new set of custom fields to CiviCRM you will need to re-do these steps again. So any new fields in the field set can be accessed by Drupal Views.
NOTE: For Drupal 6 the variable name in the
settings.php file is different. Rather than
$databases['default']['default']['prefix']= array(, for Drupal 6 the relevant array is
$db_prefix, so the beginning lines of the addition to
settings.php will look something like this:
$db_prefix = array ( 'default' => 'dru_', 'civicrm_acl' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_acl_cache' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_acl_contact_cache' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_acl_entity_role' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_action_log' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_action_mapping' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_action_schedule' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_activity' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_activity_assignment' => '`civicrmdb`.', 'civicrm_activity_target' => '`civicrmdb`.',
That example is for a Drupal set that uses table prefix
dru_ and for which CiviCRM is set up to use a separate table named
civicrmdb. CiviCRM also uses a table prefix but that is automatically added–do not add it again here.
Also–if you use a table prefix in Drupal 6 you probably already have a
$db_prefix="dru_"; or similar statement in your
settings.php. So you will need to remove any existing declaration of
$db_prefix and replace it with one similar to above
If you are using Custom Data sets in CiviCRM, anytime you add a new data set (not just a field) you must repeat this process.
Creating Views Using CiviCRM Data¶
Views are located in the Structure section of the Drupal administrative menu. When you create a View, give it a name and select what kind of data you wish to show.
Generally speaking if your view is focused on Contacts (which most are) you will select Show: CiviCRM Contacts. If you wish to display details about other CiviCRM data such as events, relationships, contributions or activities there are additional options that might provide more data fields for those types.
After the View is created, edit the fields, filters, display and other configurations to show the data exactly how you'd prefer. Views does take some experimentation and/or training to get it right. Feel free to ask questions on Stack Exchange or Mattermost — or hire a consultant if you become stuck.
This is a sample configuration using Views 3 in a Drupal 7 environment. Your View will probably be slightly different, but this gives you some examples to get started with.
Other Things Views and CiviCRM Can Do¶
- Lists of upcoming events
- Building reports on contributions, activities or event registrants
- Honor roll listing of recent donors
- Staff, board of directors or committee lists
- A list of current members
- ...and more!